Częste starcia studentów z użyciem szpad lub szabli znalazły swój wyraz w wieńczącym fontannę pomniku szermierza, od roku 1904 stojącym na Placu Uniwersyteckim i stanowiącym jeden ze znaków uczelni. Najstarszą polską korporacją studencką była Polonia, utworzona w 1816 roku właśnie we Wrocławiu. Jej dewiza brzmiała: „Omnia per Polonia!” (Dla Polski – wszystko!).

Trudny dla Polski rok 1861

Wrocławscy Polacy głęboko przeżywali wydarzenia, dotyczące ich ojczyzny. Każda z serii warszawskich demonstracji, krwawo tłumionych przez rosyjskie wojsko, miała swoje echo w mszach św. w intencji ofiar, odprawianych w kościołach św. Krzyża, św. Maurycego i Najświętszej Marii Panny (na Piasku), w murach której być może po raz pierwszy zabrzmiała wtedy pieśń „Boże, coś Polskę”. Jako dotkliwy cios przyjęto także śmierć wielkiego historyka i działacza niepodległościowego Joachima Lelewela i krótko potem – przywódcy Wielkiej Emigracji księcia Adama Czartoryskiego. Msze w ich intencji także wypełniły wrocławskie świątynie. Cykl złych dla Polski wydarzeń spowodował, że identyfikujący się z ojczyzną także nad Odrą zaczęli chodzić w żałobnych ubraniach. Na śmierć narodowych przywódców i dokonywane przez Moskali masakry trudno było cokolwiek poradzić. Latem 1861 doszło też jednak do wydarzenia, w którym ciosy zadane Polsce doczekały się mocnej odpowiedzi.

Lingwista – szowinista

W czasie wykładu z językoznawstwa profesor filologii klasycznej Rudolf Westphal wygłosił pogląd na temat zbieżności gramatyki ze zdolnościami posługującego się nią narodu do odgrywania znaczącej roli w świecie i w rozwoju cywilizacji. Jego zdaniem nacje germańskie, posługujące się językami stanowiącymi system logiczny i prosty, dowiodły swojej wyższości nad narodami np. słowiańskimi, których języki charakteryzują się skomplikowaną fleksją i deklinacją. Westphal posunął się nawet do stwierdzenia, że zbiorowość, używająca w swej mowie np. siedem przypadków z natury rzeczy muszą być skupiskami bałaganiarzy, niezdolnych do utrzymania własnej państwowości. Polscy studenci odczytali to jako potwarz, skierowaną pod adresem ich ojczyzny. Odpowiedzieli obszernym listem, pełnym faktów nie tylko z historii mocarstw i dziejów cywilizacji, ale także takimi np. argumentami, że w języku starożytnych Rzymian występuje sześć przypadków (a wraz ze szczątkowym miejscownikiem – siedem), sanskryt ma ich osiem a Węgrzy używają dwudziestu dziewięciu! Autorzy listu poprosili o ustosunkowanie się do ich argumentów na kolejnym wykładzie.

Westphal spowodował jednak, że do jego wykładu przed wakacjami nie doszło. Udało się jednak doprowadzić do spotkania poza murami uczelni. Profesor przybył na nie w towarzystwie kilku studentów z niemieckiej korporacji akademickiej. Z relacji o tym wydarzeniu wynika, że Westphal nie zamierzał się odnosić do argumentów, wymienionych w liście. Dążył natomiast do sprowokowania swych adwersarzy licząc na to, że odpowiedzą oni obraźliwie a wtedy któryś ze studentów niemieckich wyzwie przywódcę Polaków i całasprawa rozstrzygnie się w pojedynku. Trudno stwierdzić, czy przyczyną było podzielanieprzez młodych Niemców polskich argumentów czy ich obawa przed starciem z którymś z naszych rodaków. Faktem pozostaje, że żaden na żądanie satysfakcji się nie zdecydował. Niewykluczone, że także to było przyczyną rosnącej irytacji Westphala, który zamiast odpowiadać na naukowe argumenty swojego głównego dyskutanta obrzucił obelgami, wśród których padło stwierdzenie, że „i tak jest zbyt głupi, by mógł cokolwiek zrozumieć”. Polski student odpowiedział na to jednak bardzo spokojnie stwierdzając, że gdyby nie szacunek, jaki żywi dla godności każdego profesora uniwersytetu, wyzwałby go teraz na pojedynek. Nie mogąc swego rozmówcy wyprowadzić z równowagi Westphal prawdopodobnie sam wtedy stracił panowanie nad sobą, gdyż odpowiedział: „To ja cię wyzywam!”

Długo pamiętana nauczka

Sekundanci ustalili czas i miejsce, niemiecki profesor wybrał rodzaj broni. Sprawa natychmiast stała się we Wrocławiu sensacją, wielu zechciało śledzić przebieg tak niezwykłego wydarzenia. Jak się jednak okazało – zabrakło jednej ze stron pojedynku. Polski student oczekiwał na Westphala przez ustalone przez sekundantów pół godziny, po czym zgodnie sporządzili oni kilka egzemplarzy protokołu stwierdzającego, że „Rudolf Westphal jest człowiekiem obranym z czci i honoru”. Każde z tych oświadczeń podpisane zostało przez świadków oraz sekundantów obydwu stron a następnie dostarczono je redakcjom gazet, korporacjom akademickim, władzom uczelni i samemu Westphalowi. Władze uniwersytetu zakipiały oburzeniem i uważając, że swym zachowaniem profesor okrył uczelnię hańbą, natychmiast pozbawiły go stanowiska. Jak się wkrótce okazało, Westphalowi trudno było znaleźć dla siebie miejsce w całym królestwie Prus. Kilkanaście lat później udało mu się pojawić w charakterze wykładowcy Uniwersytetu Moskiewskiego.

We Wrocławiu wydarzenie to długo pamiętano i komentowano. Przez długi czas nikt też nie odważył się w podobny sposób narazić obrońcom dobrego imienia Polski.

976 KOMENTARZE

  1. Good blog you’ve got here.. It’s difficult to find quality
    writing like yours nowadays. I truly appreciate individuals like you!

    Take care!!

  2. I am really inspired along with your writing skills and also with the layout to your weblog.
    Is that this a paid subject or did you modify it yourself?
    Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it
    is uncommon to see a great weblog like this one these
    days.

    my site mpc-install.com

  3. I know this website presents quality dependent articles and extra
    stuff, is there any other website which gives these stuff in quality?

  4. Hey there would you mind sharing which blog platform you’re working with?
    I’m going to start my own blog in the near future but I’m having a tough time making a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your design seems different then most
    blogs and I’m looking for something completely unique.
    P.S My apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask!

    Also visit my web blog Nuubu Detox Patches

  5. Thank you for your site post. Manley and I are actually
    saving to buy a new guide on this topic and your blog
    post has made people like us to save our own money.
    Your notions really solved all our questions. In fact, over what
    we had known prior to when we found your wonderful blog.

    My partner and i no longer have doubts and also a troubled mind because you have attended to our needs
    right here. Thanks

    Review my website … Super Shot Keto

  6. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as I provide credit and sources back to your site?
    My blog is in the exact same niche as yours and my users would genuinely benefit from a lot of the information you provide here.
    Please let me know if this alright with you.
    Cheers!

    Check out my webpage – Green Ape CBD Serenity Gummies (http://www.ankarac.com/)

  7. I definitely wanted to send a simple word to
    be able to say thanks to you for the nice facts you are placing on this website.
    My time-consuming internet investigation has finally been paid with extremely good
    points to talk about with my two friends. I ‘d assert that
    many of us readers are very blessed to dwell in a
    fantastic site with many outstanding professionals with good pointers.
    I feel pretty fortunate to have come across your web page and look forward to so many more thrilling times reading here.

    Thanks again for a lot of things.

    Check out my web site – https://rucame.club/index.php?action=profile;u=137879

  8. I drop a leave a response each time I appreciate a
    post on a website or I have something to add to
    the discussion. Usually it’s triggered by the sincerness displayed in the post I read.
    And on this article Pojedynek, który wstrząsnął uniwersytetem – Artur Adamski | Gazeta Obywatelska.
    I was actually excited enough to leave a comment 😉 I actually
    do have some questions for you if you tend not to mind.

    Is it simply me or do a few of the comments come across like written by brain dead people?

    😛 And, if you are writing on additional social sites, I would
    like to follow you. Would you list every one of all your shared
    pages like your twitter feed, Facebook page or linkedin profile?

    Here is my website Skyline Drone

  9. Very good blog you have here but I was wondering if
    you knew of any community forums that cover
    the same topics talked about in this article? I’d really love to
    be a part of online community where I can get suggestions from other knowledgeable
    people that share the same interest. If you have any recommendations, please
    let me know. Appreciate it!

    Also visit my site – Elevate Neuro Pills (https://mpc-install.com/punbb-1.4.6/viewtopic.php?id=385573)

  10. Incredible! This blog looks exactly like my old one!
    It’s on a totally different topic but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Wonderful choice of colors!

  11. Excellent blog here! Also your web site loads up fast!

    What host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link to your host?
    I wish my site loaded up as fast as yours lol

    my webpage :: Adan

  12. What you posted made a lot of sense. However, what about this?
    suppose you were to create a killer headline? I am not suggesting your information is not solid, but suppose you added
    a post title that grabbed a person’s attention? I mean Pojedynek, który wstrząsnął
    uniwersytetem – Artur Adamski | Gazeta Obywatelska is kinda plain. You ought to peek at Yahoo’s home page and see how they create news headlines to
    grab people interested. You might try adding a video or a related pic or two to grab people interested
    about everything’ve written. In my opinion, it might bring
    your posts a little bit more interesting.

    My website … Cleaner Smile Teeth Whitening

  13. I believe that is one of the such a lot significant
    info for me. And i’m happy reading your article. However want to observation on few basic things, The web site taste is wonderful, the articles is actually excellent :
    D. Good job, cheers

  14. What’s up i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace, when i read this paragraph i thought i
    could also create comment due to this sensible article.

  15. Do you mind if I quote a few of your articles as long as
    I provide credit and sources back to your webpage?

    My website is in the exact same niche as yours and my visitors would genuinely benefit from some
    of the information you present here. Please let me know if this alright
    with you. Thank you!

    My web-site … Compoise 360X CBD

  16. After looking at a number of the articles on your site, I honestly like your way
    of blogging. I saved as a favorite it to my bookmark site list and will be checking back soon. Please check out my web site too and tell me what you
    think.

  17. Thanks for your personal marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you are a
    great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and definitely
    will come back down the road. I want to encourage yourself to continue your great
    posts, have a nice day!

  18. Excellent site you have here.. It’s hard to find high-quality writing
    like yours these days. I really appreciate people like you!
    Take care!!

  19. Thanks , I have recently been looking for information approximately this subject for a long time and yours is the best I’ve discovered so far.

    However, what concerning the bottom line? Are you positive about the source?

  20. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.
    Your web site provided us with valuable info to work on. You have done a formidable job
    and our whole community will be thankful to you.

  21. Hello there, I found your website by way of Google at the same time
    as searching for a similar matter, your website got here up, it appears to be like good.

    I’ve bookmarked it in my google bookmarks.
    Hello there, simply became aware of your blog thru Google, and found that it is truly informative.
    I’m going to be careful for brussels. I will appreciate if you
    continue this in future. Numerous folks will probably be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  22. Hi there would you mind stating which blog platform you’re
    working with? I’m looking to start my own blog soon but I’m having a difficult time making
    a decision between BlogEngine/Wordpress/B2evolution and Drupal.
    The reason I ask is because your layout seems different then most blogs and I’m looking for
    something unique. P.S Sorry for being off-topic but I had to ask!

  23. Greate post. Keep posting such kind of information on your blog.
    Im really impressed by your site.
    Hello there, You have done a great job. I will definitely
    digg it and individually recommend to my friends.
    I’m sure they’ll be benefited from this website.

  24. Simply desire to say your article is as astounding.
    The clarity in your put up is just excellent and
    that i can assume you are a professional on this subject.
    Well together with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep up
    to date with drawing close post. Thank you a million and please keep
    up the enjoyable work.

  25. I liked up to you will obtain performed proper here.
    The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish.

    nevertheless, you command get got an shakiness
    over that you would like be handing over the following. sick unquestionably come further formerly again as precisely the same nearly very frequently inside case
    you defend this hike.

    Feel free to visit my web blog – Brook

  26. I’ve been browsing on-line greater than 3 hours as of late,
    but I never discovered any attention-grabbing article like yours.
    It’s beautiful price sufficient for me. In my view, if all web owners
    and bloggers made just right content as you did, the internet shall be a lot more useful than ever before.

  27. hello there and thank you for your info ? I have certainly picked up anything new from
    right here. I did however expertise some technical points using this website, since
    I experienced to reload the website lots of times previous to I could get
    it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?
    Not that I am complaining, but slow loading instances times will often affect your placement in google and
    could damage your quality score if ads and marketing with Adwords.

    Anyway I?m adding this RSS to my e-mail and can look
    out for much more of your respective exciting content.
    Ensure that you update this again soon..

    my blog post … best belly busting

  28. I have been exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts in this kind of space
    . Exploring in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site.
    Reading this info So i’m glad to convey that I have an incredibly good uncanny
    feeling I discovered exactly what I needed. I most certainly will make
    certain to do not fail to remember this website and provides it a glance on a continuing basis.

    Take a look at my web site – children smoking

  29. I together with my pals have been reading the great guidelines located on your web site and so all
    of a sudden came up with a horrible suspicion I never thanked you for
    those techniques. My young men became for this reason joyful to read them and have now
    undoubtedly been tapping into them. Thank you for actually
    being so thoughtful and for choosing varieties of superior guides most people are really
    desirous to learn about. My very own sincere regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

    Also visit my web page :: poor eating

  30. Greetings from California! I’m bored at work so
    I decided to check out your website on my iphone during lunch break.

    I love the information you present here and can’t wait to take a
    look when I get home. I’m surprised at how quick your blog loaded on my phone ..
    I’m not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyhow, superb site!

    my site; eating habits

  31. Good day I am so grateful I found your web site, I
    really found you by error, while I was looking on Aol
    for something else, Regardless I am here now and would just like to
    say thanks for a incredible post and a all round entertaining blog
    (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all
    at the moment but I have bookmarked it and also added your
    RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back
    to read a lot more, Please do keep up the great job.

    Visit my web blog: poor eating

  32. Hello there I am so excited I found your web site, I really found you
    by mistake, while I was researching on Askjeeve for something else,
    Nonetheless I am here now and would just like to say many thanks
    for a incredible post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it all at the minute but I
    have book-marked it and also included your RSS feeds, so
    when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the
    superb work.

    Also visit my blog … แทงบอล

  33. I have bern exploring for a little bit for any high quality articles or blog posts
    on this kind of area . Exploring in Yahoo I at lst stumbled upon this weeb site.

    Reading thhis info So i’m happy tto convey that I’ve an incredibly good
    uncanny feeling I discovered just what I needed.
    I most certainly will make sure to do nott forget this website and
    give it a look on a constant basis.

  34. When I originally commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added” checkbox and now
    each time a comment is added I get four e-mails with the
    same comment. Is there any way you can remove people from
    that service? Cheers!

  35. One thijng I’d like to sayy is the fact car insurance termination is a
    dreaded experience and if you are doing tthe right things like a driver
    you simply will not get one. A lot of people do have the notice that they have been officially dumped by their
    insurance company they have tto fight to get supplemental insurance following a
    cancellation. Low cost auto insurance rates are usuually hard to get from cancellation. Understanding the main reasons with regard to auto insurance termination can help car owners prevent
    sacrificing one of the most critical privileges readily available.
    Thanks for the suggestions shared by your blog.

  36. I’ll immediately grasp your rss feed as I can not in finding your email subscription hyperlink or newsletter service.
    Do you have any? Please allow me understand so that I may just subscribe.
    Thanks.

  37. Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though
    you relied on the video to make your point. You definitely know what youre talking about,
    why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog
    when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  38. Thank you, I have recently been searching for info approximately this topic for a long time and yours is the best I’ve
    found out so far. But, what concerning the conclusion? Are you positive about the supply?

  39. Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?

    I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking
    at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you
    could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  40. I do not know whether it’s just me or if everyone else experiencing
    issues with your site. It appears as if some of the text in your posts are
    running off the screen. Can someone else please comment and let me know
    if this is happening to them too? This might be a issue with my internet browser because I’ve had this happen before.
    Many thanks

  41. Pretty nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog
    and wanted to say that I have truly enjoyed browsing your blog
    posts. In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!

  42. Simply wish to say your article is as surprising. The clearness in your post is just cool and i can assume
    you are an expert on this subject. Fine with
    your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up
    to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work.

  43. It’s the best time to make a few plans for thee long run and it is
    time to be happy. I have learn tis submit and if I may I wish tto recommend you some interesting
    iasues or tips. Perhaps you ccan write next articles referring to this article.
    I wish to read more issues approximately it!

  44. Right here is the perfect webpage for anyone who hopes to understand this topic.
    You know so much its almost hard to argue with
    you (not that I really will need to…HaHa). You certainly put a brand new
    spin on a subject that has been written about for a long time.

    Great stuff, just excellent!

  45. of course like your website however you have to check the spelling on several
    of your posts. Several of them are rife with spelling issues and I in finding it very bothersome to inform the reality then again I will surely come back again.

  46. Thank you for the blog post. Thomas and I are actually saving for a new e book on this
    topic and your article has made us to save all of our money.
    Your opinions really solved all our concerns. In fact, more than what we had recognized previous to the time we stumbled on your excellent blog.
    My partner and i no longer have doubts as well as a troubled mind because you have totally attended to each of our needs above.
    Thanks

    Feel free to surf to my web page: 163.30.42.16